Require help in valgrind output Understanding

see i am just using valgrind for detecting memory leakage in my code. so i have used

valgrind -v --leak-check=full --show-reachable=yes ./my_binary

i see following out which i can not understand

`==16545== ==16545== HEAP SUMMARY: ==16545== in use at exit: 20,171 bytes in 647 blocks ==16545== total heap usage: 993 allocs, 346 frees, 30,090 bytes allocated ==16545== ==16545== Searching for pointers to 647 not-freed blocks ==16545== Checked 124,548 bytes ==16545== ==16545== 1 bytes in 1 blocks are still reachable in loss record 1 of 253 ==16545== at 0x400677E: malloc (vg_replace_malloc.c:195) ==16545== by 0x80AAB31: xmalloc (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x80796D0: make_variable_value (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x80798C8: ??? (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x807BA40: initialize_shell_variables (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x805E897: ??? (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x805FA10: main (in /bin/bash) ==16545== ==16545== 1 bytes in 1 blocks are still reachable in loss record 2 of 253 ==16545== at 0x400677E: malloc (vg_replace_malloc.c:195) ==16545== by 0x80AAB31: xmalloc (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x80A578B: set_locale_var (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x80A5912: set_default_lang (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x805FA15: main (in /bin/bash) ==16545== ==16545== 1 bytes in 1 blocks are still reachable in loss record 3 of 253 ==16545== at 0x400677E: malloc (vg_replace_malloc.c:195) ==16545== by 0x80AAB31: xmalloc (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x8061B9B: ??? (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x8062D95: ??? (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x8065481: ??? (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x806801A: yyparse (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x8060580: parse_command (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x806064F: read_command (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x80608AE: reader_loop (in /bin/bash) ==16545== by 0x805FEFB: main (in /bin/bash)`e

i just want to understand this.? why this does not giving me particular line no in ma code which has not freed ?

-------------Problems Reply------------

These errors come from /bin/bash not from your own code. Are you running any bash scripts from your code? Here is explanation of what it means. I think you can just ignore it.

"still reachable" means your program is probably ok -- it didn't free some memory it could have. This is quite common and often reasonable. Don't use --show-reachable=yes if you don't want to see these reports.

It looks like those addresses belong to your program's code. Perhaps compiling with debug information lets valgrind see line numbers. (Hint: -g switch on gcc)

Have you checked ? There is a good documentation there. You shouldn't have used any optimization while you're compiling.

If you want to check the result of an autotools-powered compilation (it really creates a shell script in your build dir), you might want to try this instead:

libtool --mode=execute valgrind -v --leak-check=full --show-reachable=yes ./my_binary

Category:c# Views:1 Time:2011-08-26

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