Python - how to execute shell commands with pipe?

I have a case to want to execute the following shell command in Python and get the output,

echo This_is_a_testing | grep -c test

I could use this python code to execute the above shell command in python,

>>> import subprocess >>> subprocess.check_output("echo This_is_a_testing | grep -c test", shell=True) '1\n'

However, as I do not want to use the "shell=True" option, I tried the following python code,

>>> import subprocess >>> p1 = subprocess.Popen(["echo", "This_is_a_testing"], stdout=subprocess.PIPE) >>> p2 = subprocess.Popen(["grep", "-c", "test"], stdin=p1.stdout) >>> p1.stdout.close() >>> p2.communicate() (None, None)

I wonder why the output is "None" as I have referred to the descriptions in the webpage :

Had I missed some points in my code ? Any suggestion / idea ? Thanks in advance.

-------------Problems Reply------------

From the manual:

to get anything other than None in the result tuple, you need to give stdout=PIPE and/or stderr=PIPE

p2 = subprocess.Popen(["grep", "-c", "test"], stdin=p1.stdout, stdout=subprocess.PIPE)

Please look here:

>>> import subprocess
>>> p1 = subprocess.Popen(["echo", "This_is_a_testing"], stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
>>> p2 = subprocess.Popen(["grep", "-c", "test"], stdin=p1.stdout)
>>> 1
>>> p2.communicate()
(None, None)

here you get 1 as output after you write p2 = subprocess.Popen(["grep", "-c", "test"], stdin=p1.stdout), Do not ignore this output in the context of your question.

Is this what you want:

>>> p1 = subprocess.Popen(["echo", "This_is_a_testing"], stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
>>> p2 = subprocess.Popen(["grep", "test"], stdin=p1.stdout, stdout=subprocess.PIPE)
>>> p2.communicate()
('This_is_a_testing\n', None)

Category:python Views:0 Time:2012-02-22

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